- Basanta Bhujel
King Mahendra’s motto behind the introduction of multi-party democracy and the non-party system was the same: “If the parties are run by foreigners, the parties run by foreigners will not have a nationality.” BP Koirala did not agree with this argument of King Mahendra, but BP Koirala did not believe that only parties could promote nationalism for a small country like Nepal, which is between big countries like India and China. Therefore, he spoke about the inevitability of the monarchy. The BP said, “It does not matter to the party leaders whether they are nationals or not. Even if they merge in the country, the party leaders will still be ministers or prime ministers, but if the country does not exist, the king will not exist.” Always taken care of.
If we look at the situation in the country at this time, it seems that the words of King Mahendra and visionary politician BP Koirala have been implemented. There is no need to give the example of Madhesi Dal, it is enough to give the example of the recent activities of the major parties, the Communist Party of Nepal (CPN) and the Nepali Congress. India pressed for a favorable constitution. Despite the pressure, a blockade was imposed on Nepal, but the then ruling Nepali Congress could not even call the blockade a ‘blockade’. Instead, the communists protested. But did the communists protest against nationalism? The answer to that question has been becoming clear in recent days. It has been revealed that the communists took a stand against India’s move at that time to turn Nepal over to China.
The two largest parties in the country seem to be on the side of the CPN-China, while the Nepali Congress seems to be on the side of India. Both these big parties did not stand for their country. King Mahendra’s argument was confirmed. BP Koirala’s guidance that the party and the king should move forward together has also been confirmed at this time. Through their organizations, the major political parties have certainly worked to connect all the geography, people, all castes, languages , and communities from Taplejung to Kanchanpur and from Darchula to Jhapa. But this unity could not be used for the promotion of nationalism. The leaders of the foolish parties resorted to foreigners to gain their power. It is a great crisis for the party leaders to rely more on foreigners than on the people of their country.
Since the unification, there have been three aspects of Nepal’s national crisis. The first dimension is the Sugauli Treaty. Not only one-third of Nepal’s territory was lost in the Sugauli Treaty, but the British have been in power ever since. Power came at the behest of the British. Apart from the United Kingdom, Nepal has not been able to establish giant relations with other countries. The British ruled Nepal by saluting one step above the other kings of India. The second income is the 1950 Nepal-India Treaty. After that treaty, our country became like a semi-colony of India instead of a semi-colony of the British. India helped to overthrow Rana, But because of that support, Nepal paid a heavy price in terms of nationality. For example, the private secretaries of the then King Tribhuvan began to be recruited by India from the staff of the Ministry of External Affairs of their own country. The Indian Ambassador started attending the meeting of the Council of Ministers of Nepal. The Indian Army was deployed not only in the capital Kathmandu but also in the northern border areas of Nepal.
After the 2015 general election, Indian intervention gradually eased. Indian employees stopped being pagans at Nepal’s royal palace. The Indian ambassador was not present at the cabinet meeting. Indian troops withdrew from Nepal. Nepal established its university. Nepal established its own National Bank. By 2045 BS, Indian intervention in Nepal was almost over. India imposed a blockade on Nepal on the condition of imposing intervention again. The then King Birendra decided to move forward by cooperating with the political parties in the country rather than accepting India’s condition. The multi-party system was restored. But then the third dimension of Indian intervention in Nepal began. India was directly involved in splitting the parties and creating terror by raising the Maoists. The palace massacre took place, It has not been confirmed whether there is Indian involvement in the Durbar massacre, but India’s direct involvement was seen in the case of overthrowing the monarchy. Similarly, India’s direct involvement was seen in the campaign to tear Nepal to pieces in the name of federalism. It is true that the then Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli stood up against the Indian intervention in comparison to other leaders of the country. But is his stance hypocritical or from the heart? That part is alive. Because KP Oli has played the biggest role in getting the Arun III hydropower project out of Nepal’s hands and going to Polta, India. KP Oli has also played a pivotal role in the Mahakali treaty that deceived Nepal. Oli has also played an important role in moving the Upper Karnali Hydropower Project to Polta, India. Involvement was seen. It is true that the then Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli stood up against the Indian intervention in comparison to other leaders of the country. But is his stance hypocritical or from the heart? That part is alive. Because KP Oli has played the biggest role in getting the Arun III hydropower project out of Nepal’s hands and going to Polta, India. KP Oli has also played a pivotal role in the Mahakali Treaty that deceived Nepal. Oli has also played an important role in moving the Upper Karnali Hydropower Project to Polta, India. Involvement was seen. It is true that the then Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli stood up against the Indian intervention in comparison to other leaders of the country. But is his stance hypocritical or from the heart? That part is alive. Because KP Oli has played the biggest role in getting the Arun III hydropower project out of Nepal’s hands and going to Polta, India. KP Oli has also played a pivotal role in the Mahakali treaty that deceived Nepal. Oli has also played an important role in moving the Upper Karnali Hydropower Project to Polta, India. KP Oli also has a paramount role in signing the treaty. Oli has also played an important role in moving the Upper Karnali Hydropower Project to Polta, India. KP Oli also has a paramount role in signing the treaty. Oli has also played an important role in moving the Upper Karnali Hydropower Project to Polta, India.
The communists are still at the forefront when it comes to talking to the people but doing dangerous activities from within. Not only in the case of Nepal but also in the case of other countries, the Communists are at the forefront of measuring nationality. In communist theory, there is no such thing as nationality. So to think that communists will promote nationalism is like expecting dogs to take care of meat and cats to take care of milk.
Two methods are important to promote Nepal’s nationality. One method is to establish a relationship of equality and trust with both the neighboring countries. The second is to win the trust of countries like the USA, UK, and Japan for the development of Nepal. But in recent times, the opposite has happened. Both China and India are suspicious of Nepal. India is of the view that Nepal has used Chinese cards, while China is of the view that Nepal has encouraged free Tibet activities by using Indian cards. Because when Nepali Congress President Sher Bahadur Deuba met the special envoy of the Dalai Lama during his visit to India, China has been oppressing the communists. That is why China has integrated the UML and the Maoists. This is one of the reasons why China has increased the activism of its ambassadors to prevent this unification from collapsing.
China is skeptical of Nepal with the analysis that the Free Tibet Movement will increase due to the Nepali Congress. India is skeptical with the analysis that China is attacking itself using the communists. Because India and Nepal have an open border.
Even if the situation in which both India and China see Nepal not as a good neighbor but as a threat continues for a few years now, Nepal’s nationality may not remain. It is as Dr. Baburam Bhattarai predicted. As soon as he became the Prime Minister, he had said, “If our economic situation continues for a few years, it will merge with Nepal or India or China.”
Chinese Ambassador to Nepal Hau Yanchi has appeared on the platform to manage the CPN (Maoist) controversy that erupted with the arrival of Samantha Goyal, the head of the Indian intelligence agency RAW. Both incidents are related to the US aid MCC case. This case has to be analyzed from the incident about a year ago.
For example, in the meeting of the Central Committee of the CPN (Maoist) held from January 3 to 4, US assistance became the main agenda of the MCC. At the meeting of the Central Committee, two strands appeared in the CPN (Maoist) against the US aid grant Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC). Some leaders, including President Oli, were in favor of the MCC. The majority group, including Chairman Prachanda, was against the MCC. There are two powerful groups in the CPN (Maoist) between the then UML and the Maoist Center.
Oli was in a state of self-defense after seeing a majority of the opposition concerning the MCC. The MCC had strongly opposed the meeting of the CPN (Maoist) Standing Committee held from December 13 to December 20 last year.
A study task force was formed under the leadership of Secretariat member Jhala Nath Khanal to study the MCC. Pradip Gyawali and Bhim Rawal became members of the task force. Khanal and Rawal were against MCC while Gyawali was in favor. Gyawali, known as the leader of the Oli group, was alone in the task force formed to study the MCC. Khanal and senior leader Madhav Kumar Rawal of the Nepal group were in the majority. Due to which the decision came against MCC.
The current dispute of the CPN (Maoist) is also related to the MCC. Prime Minister Oli is still in favor of the MCC. After he could not give continuity to the finance minister, Dr. Yuvaraj appointed Khatiwada as ambassador to the United States. Oli has not made this decision yet.
At this time, the CPN (Maoist) dispute has reached its climax. Chinese Ambassador to Nepal Hao Yanchi has stepped up his activities as in the past. Ambassador Yanchi met Prime Minister Oli in Baluwatar on Tuesday night. Arriving at the Prime Minister’s residence in Baluwatar at 8:10 pm, Yanchi had a two-hour meeting with Oli. After Yanchi suggested moving forward by resolving the dispute, Prime Minister Oli took the message and went to Shital Niwas to meet President Vidyadevi Bhandari that night.
Earlier, Chinese Ambassador Yanchi was active in June and April when the CPN (Maoist) dispute was at its peak.
Earlier, Oli’s resignation was demanded even after the dispute escalated. Even then, Yanchi was active. Leaders including Prachanda, Madhav Kumar Nepal, and Jhala Nath Khanal had demanded the resignation of Prime Minister Oli at a meeting of the CPN (Maoist) Secretariat on April 25. At that time, Ambassador Yanchi had separate meetings with President Bhandari, Oli, Prachanda, Khanal, and Nepal. Ambassador Yanchi, who met Prime Minister Oli on April 18, met Prachanda and Nepal separately the next day.
In the third week of July, after the CPN (Maoist) leaders demanded the resignation of Prime Minister Oli, Yanchi met Oli, Prachanda, Nepal, and Khanal. Prachanda and Nepal had postponed the agenda including Oli’s resignation after Yanchi put pressure on them during the meeting.
In short, if Prime Minister Oli agrees to sever Nepal-US relations, China will allow him to remain prime minister for the rest of the term, but if Oli moves forward to maintain relations with the United States, the CPN (Maoist) will split. But China, which understands the character of Nepal’s communist leaders from within, is not comfortable with Prachanda and Madhav Nepal either.
(Bhujel is a retired engineer in the British Army)