The great festival of Nepalis, Dashain, has begun. From today, Dashain has officially touched. Today is the day of sowing the seeds. The life of barley, which is sprinkled on the soil mixed with a little sand and is worshiped every day throughout Navratri. Although jamara is actually the germination of barley, the jamara of Dashain includes barley including paddy, maize and wheat bran, green unripe ones. This culture associated with soil, water, air, flowers, sprouts makes it clear that we are very close to plants. Jamara culture has remained as a fundamental heritage in the great festival of Hindus, Dashain. Today, Ghatsthapana is an important day for cultivating Jamara.
This year, the decade has started with such auspicious sites that such auspicious sites meet only once or twice in a hundred years. This year, the Sun is entering Libra from Virgo on the day it falls.
The solstice on the day of Ghatsthapana is also important in this regard. Because day and night are exactly the same on this day. This Sankranti is interpreted as a very important Sankranti in the Matsya Purana.
According to the Nepal Panchang Adjudicating Committee, the site of Ghatsthapana is auspicious at 11:46 am on Saturday, November 20. This year, not only Tula Sakranti but also Chitra Nakshatra, which is considered to be very auspicious, has fallen on the day of Ghatsthapana. The site has been given to return to the west at 10:53 am on Sunday, November 20. In particular, the Nepal Army has been changing the flag. The site of Pachali Bhairav Yatra has been set up on Wednesday. It is flowering on Friday, October 25. You don’t need a site to bring in flowers.
Maha Ashtami festival falls on Saturday, October 25. On this day the sacrificer worships the goddess along with the sacrifice. Kalaratri is celebrated in the evening. Mahanavami festival is also celebrated on Sunday, October 26 at Shakti Peeth.
Vijayadashami festival falls on Monday, October 26, the main day of Dashain. The committee has stated that the site at 10:11 am is auspicious for immersion of the Goddess in the place where worship is done for nine nights and 10 days on this day. The site at 10:19 in the morning is best for those looking for a site to get vaccinated.
Significance of Ghatsthapana
Ghatsthapana is the first day of the decade today. There is a scriptural law to celebrate Vijayadashami in order to get the grace and blessings of Durga Bhawani considering the mythological and tantric significance. By purifying the house with pure soil and dung, according to the classical method, a pitcher is set up at the auspicious moment and Saptadhanya (Jamara) seeds are sown near the pitcher and worship of Shakti is performed under different names for nine days. After that, it is said in Devi Bhagwat that religion, meaning, work and salvation will be provided by the commentary on the day of Dashmi as an offering.
Ashadh Shukla, Ashwin Shukla, Magh Shukla and Chaitra Shukla have four Navaratras in a year. In these four Navaratras, the dates of Ashadh Shukla and Magh Shukla are called ‘Gupta Navaratra’. These Navratri are considered useful for seekers. In Chaitra Shukla and Ashwin Shukla Paksha, people worship Shakti.
In the Navratri, which is celebrated for nine days, the Markandeya Purana mentions which day, what form to worship and what offerings to offer and what desires to worship for fulfillment. It is said that if one worships different forms according to the method carefully, various desires will be fulfilled. You are sure to get the most out of your work. That is, it is stated in the divine armor of Durgasaptashati that all the desires with which Bhagwati is worshiped will be fulfilled.
Dashain is celebrated from Ashwin Shukla Pratipada to Dashmi Day. Nava Durga is worshiped by performing Shailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandamata, Katyayani, Kalratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidatri. Especially Mahakali, Mahalaxmi and Mahasaraswati are worshiped in this festival.
During the nine days of worship, special care should be taken to decide on which days and by whom the offerings should be made. According to the Vedic method, worship is done by installing lamps, urns and Ganesha, bringing sand or soil from the river or a clean place, and worshiping by placing lamps and urns in the worship room or Dashain house covered with cow dung. In the same urn, Mahakali, Mahalakshmi, Mahasaraswati, Durga Bhagwati’s sixfold treatment is performed. In this way, saptadhanya should be sown after pujan. Various worship mantras of Goddess Bhagwati Durga should be recited and the recitation of Durga Saptashati should be done regularly.
1. The first day
Ghatasthapana the first day of Navratri. On this day, worship of Shailaputri Devi is performed. In tens of houses or worship rooms, seeds of maize, wheat, barley etc. are sown. It is also called saptadhanya. It is mentioned in the scriptures that if one worships Shailaputri by offering dishes made from cow’s ghee, one can live a long life, avoid chronic diseases and attain health.
Navratri started from today, now every morning there is a crowd of devotees in all the new Durga Bhagwati Shakti Peeths of the country. In the morning, worship of Jamara should be done and on the day of Dashmi, rice, red avir, curd or banana mixed with Akshata Tika is taken on the forehead and the blessings received from one’s loved ones bring happiness in life.
The amount of jamara, i.e. how much jamara is to be sown, is determined by the number of families. The sown jamara is placed in the middle of the earthen quadrangular shape by placing an earthen or copper urn. On the day of Dashmi, the Jamara should be uprooted as per the need. This jamra, tika and harmony enhances the brightness of Dashain, drawing a real picture of Dashain’s charm on every face.
The practice of keeping the deposit of Dashain varies from place to place. Somewhere, collectively, Dashainghars are established, deposits are kept in Guthi or Shaktipith and temples, or individually in the worship room of one’s own house or in some other clean place of the house. When placing the jamara, a room is chosen in which light does not penetrate well, thus the jamara people who do not get light turn yellow. The Navratra of Dashain, which begins with Ghatsthapana, is also the nine-day life of Jamara and the process of daily germination. The vitality inside the barley seeds is exposed by the soil and nourished by the soil.
Flowers brought from Gorkha are brought to the Dashainghar in the temple of Taleju Bhawani in the Basantapur Durbar area built by 16th century King Mahendra Malla on the day of flowering. Even the flower buds that have been imported in this way have been scattered in Gorkha these days. In the past, when transportation was not as convenient as it is now, government employees were forced to stand at every kilometer from Gorkha to Abukhaireni, handing over one kilometer to another and handing over the other to another one kilometer. Flowers were brought to Abu Khairaini. From Abukhaireni, they were brought to Kathmandu by car. The Jamara brought in this way will be brought to Jamal in Kathmandu by car and then brought to the Dashainghar in the temple of Taleju Bhavani with the traditional bazaar. Is done. It is believed that the flowers brought from Gorkha should be brought to Kathmandu within 24 hours in any case.
In Moriyakot of Lamjung, the locals go around the lower part of Rainascot (Dhamalikuwa and some local areas of Garamveshi) and go to the lower Dudhpokhari river and the marsh of Marshyangdi to bathe and wash. . It should be remembered that this temple is the only temple in the country established in the name of any patriotic soldier. Rainascot is a tourist destination in Lamjung district with a very beautiful and captivating view from which 15 districts can be seen. This place has a special crowd of visitors on Dashain and Shivaratri. Apart from this, fairs are held in all Shakti Piths from Mechi to Mahakali and in the temple of Kalimata from early morning.
Looking at the process of civilization and history, barley is the first grain that human beings started to cultivate systematically with the end of the wild age. Excavations and explorations of this human civilization on the banks of the Great River have uncovered barley remains thousands of years old in Egypt and China. Barley is considered to be one of the oldest grains in the world. Our eternal rituals cannot be determined and complete without barley, basil, kush and sesame. In Newari, barley is called tascho and in English barley. The nutritional value of barley is inescapable. The advertisements on TV and radio also show the quantity of barley in the imported expensive foods which are said to be very nutritious. It contains antioxidants and vitamin carotene.
By keeping this barley germination on the head, every Nepali should get the power of Durga Bhawani with harmony, virtue and prosperity. In the same way, nature may have given us information about our roots, that is, our culture, traditions and human bases. No matter how big, tall and thick the plants are, even if their branches try to touch the sky, their roots are in the soil. That is to say, no matter how much we change or progress and touch the sky, the foundation of our precious original culture and tradition should not be forgotten.
2. The second day
On the second day, Brahmacharini Devi is worshiped. It has been said that if one worships and gives alms to Brahmacharini Mata by climbing Sakhkar to get rid of any kind of bondage, all kinds of evils will be destroyed.
3. The third day
On the third day, the worship of Chandraghanta is performed. Mother’s blessings will always be upon us if we offer various dishes made from cow’s milk and worship Mother Chandraghanta by donating.
4. The fourth day
Worshiping Mother Kushmanda on Chaturthi Tithi brings knowledge and wisdom. Also, if there is any defect in any kind of speech, it will be auspicious to offer Malpuwa on that date and worship it and donate Malpuwa.
5. The fifth day
On Panchami Tithi, Skandhamata is worshiped. Worshiping Skandhamata will be good for business success and increase in services and facilities from the state as well as employment. It is said that success can be achieved by worshiping bananas on this day.
6. The sixth day
On the sixth day of Navratri, one should worship Katyayani Mata for the attainment of the desired beauty and the person of one’s heart. If there is an unmarried person in the house and there is an obstacle in the marriage, then worshiping Mother Katyayani by offering honey will be successful.
7. The seventh day
On the seventh day of Navratra, i.e. Saptami, it is customary to bring flowers in the worship room or Dashain house. On this day, Bhagwati is worshiped. In order to get rid of any kind of issue and accident, all the suffering will be eradicated by worshiping Goddess Kalratri on the seventh day. It is said in the scriptures that if you donate Sakhkar to protect yourself from any kind of emergency, there will be no obstacle.
8. The eighth day
Mahagauri Bhagwati should be worshiped on the eighth day of Ghatsthapana. It is mentioned in the scriptures that worshiping Mahagauri on this day will bring happiness to the children. It has also been said that offering coconuts to Mahagauri Bhagwati will bring complete happiness and peace.
9. The ninth day
On the ninth day of Ghatsthapana, i.e. on the ninth day, Siddhidatri Bhagwati should be worshiped. It is mentioned in the scriptures that if one worships Siddhidatri by offering ghee, one will avoid untimely death and will not have to listen to any kind of bad news.
10. The tenth day
Jamara is called Saptadhanya. There is a religious belief that the better the Jamara, the better. Since saptadhanya is dear to Ankur Durga Devi, saptadhanya is planted and offered to Goddess Durga on the day of Vijayadashami along with Tika Prasad.
Depending on the location, the vaccinated person should return to the south and the vaccinated person should return to the east. Or the person getting the vaccine should sit on the right moon to get the vaccine. It is customary to receive red tika and jamara and blessings from parents, teachers and devotees as offerings to the Goddess.
(Bhujel Gorkha is a retired engineer in the British Army)